Anisotropic Time-Domain Electronic Response in Cuprates

Superconductivity in the cuprates is characterized by spatial inhomogeneity and an anisotropic electronic gap of d-wave symmetry. The aim of this work is to understand how this anisotropy affects the non-equilibrium electronic response of high-Tc superconductors. We compare the nodal and antinodal non-equilibrium response to photo-excitation with photon energy comparable to the superconducting gap and polarization along the Cu-Cu axis of the sample. The data are supported by an effective d-wave BCS model indicating that the observed enhancement of the superconducting transient signal mostly involves an increase of pair coherence in the antinodal region, which is not induced at the node.